If we think of a diamond we ussually conjure a vision of sparkling crystal clarity,specially cut to enchance its natural shape and beauty a brillaint jewel that signifies respect, love and fidelity. The quality of each individual diamond is measured by four constant characteristic (4Cs.): color, clarity, carat and cut. Cut is the most important characteristic,being the only one that man can contribute to by enchancing the natural beauty of a diamond. The uniqueness of any diamond , of course,is in its brillaince. A good diamond will naturally reflect a sparkling brillaince the more intense the brillaince, the more valuable the diamond . The more light it reflects in the in the eyes of its beholder,the more beautiful it is perceived to be.

     Let us recall a few detail concerning this unique diamond cut.The cutting of diamond originated in the 14th century and developed continously through to the 16th century, when the cut was considered nearing it idea cut. It was during this period that craftman invented the table cut .which improve the brillaince cut of diamond .During the 17th century,craftman founded the rose cut, know as a cut diamond , which adds more facets and brillaince to a diamond.
     The Ashoka diamond cut was first applied to a stone mined in the Gollconda region of India. The stone's namesake comes from the revered Buddhist warrior Ashoka, who reigned as king of the Mauryan Empire in India from 273-262 B.C.E. He was the most famous of the Mauryan kings and was one of the greatest rulers of India. The diamond cut was portraied an elongated cushion cut with rounded corners, capturing and dispersing light with a fiery brilliance. The Ashoka cut has 62 facets which bestow a breathtakingly dazzling effect upon the diamond which can immediately feel like treasured antiques.

     In the 18th century, the brilliant cut was invented and this unique technique is still inuse today . the brillaint cut provides 58 facets techniques is accept that this particular cut reveals perfectly,the exquisite beauty of a diamond and its full brillaince.From that time to the present day , the brillaint cut has been continously honoured and developed by legions of highly skilled craftmen who are attraced to this particular art form. It is also recognized wolrdwide , that the brillaint cut archieves the most beautiful facets, the most accurate classic form and is the most popularly coveted of all the diamond species.

     In addition to the classic round ,emerald ,marquist and oval cut, there have a wider choice than ever in cut diamond,becuase diamond cutters are using advanced technology and creativity to invent new and unique diamomd cuts, and become a revolutionary new shape.

     Bagillion diamonds,like Baguettes, are available in squares,rectangles and tapered rectangles,However,unlike Baguettes,Bagillion diamonds are brillaint cut intead of step cut . As a result, they posses more facets and sparkle more than traditional baguette daimonds.

     Bagillion diamond s are often used as accent stones in diamond jewelry, They are best used to fill curved, rounded channel, or prong set rings and jewelry.
     Diamond Briolettes, of drop cut diamonds, are pear-shaped with triangular facets on top.Brillainttes are drilled through the top and suspended to form a pendant.
     The shape of a diamond briolette lend itself to dangle as a pendant or earrings.The cut is found in the crown jewels of many royal families,including the Australian dynasty, the Romanovs of Russia ,and both the royal and Napoleon to the Empress Marie Louise and is noiw in the Smithsonian Insitute.

1. Fiji Diamond pave' with Ancient-Cut Diamonds, Poiray
2. Grey Tourmaline with Ancient-Cut Diamonds, Poiray
3. Ashoka, Tavernier
4. Baguette, Princess and Brilliant Laivan
     Century cut diamonds are a new type of Round diamonds that have extra facets, By adding facets in the right alignment, the brillaincy ,fire , and life of the diamonds has been increased. Of great news to buyer is that cost of Century cut diamonda is competitive to that of standard brillaint cut diamonds.
     Standard round Brillaint cut diamond have 58 facets . Century cut diamonds have extra facets, depend on carat weight as follows :
     - up to 1/2 carat = 66 facets
     - 1/2 carat to 1 carat = 74 facets
     -1 carat and up = facets
     The square Context cut diamond is based on the natural sructure of a diamond an octrahedral crystal and feature a star -shaped cross cut diagonally into the stone so the planes reflect light light like a hall of mirrors. This diamond has only 8 facets but posses a remarkable amount of brillaince - up to 15% more than a standard brillaint diamond.
     The cutting process require excellent-quality rough diamonds and leaves a good deal of waste, Making a Context cut diamond 40% to 50% more expensive than a brillaint-cut diamond. A similar but round version is the Spirit Sun diamond.
     The Crisscut diamond is a new variation on the emerald-cut diamond, which is step-cut.Invented and patented by the Siman-Tov brothers, they want to design a rectangular shaped diamond with maximum brillaince.
     Crisscut diamond have 77 facets that appear to crisscross inside the diamond.Crisscut diamond diamond tend to be shallower than princess cut or emerald cut diamonds.
     There was only one way to capture the brightness, the splendor, the light of French Impressionism. And that was to create a diamond that totally broke away from all the traditional rules of diamond cutting. first started with the actual shape.It has rounded corners, but is neither square nor rectangle
     The Cusheete Diamond which introduces much more light into the diamond and creates an impact that was call " Diamond Impressionism." It result in a diamond that is... breathtaking. With a radiance and dazzle like never before.
     This 63 facets twelve-sided shape is a mixed of step and brillaint cutting style. With 37 facets on crown, 14 facets on the pavillion, the Dahlia cut has the total of 51 facets . Its shape is the oval version with flat ends.
     The Dahlia Cut was originally introduced as part of a group of "Flower Cuts" by De Beers 10 years ago. All the cuts in the group were the brainchild of master Antwerp cutter Gabi Tolkowsky, who thought this new cutting technique gave the stones "maximum brillaince."
     The EFD 's PrincessPlus Israel branded cut is an update on the classic Princess cut. A diamond fire and brillaince is a direct result of excellent cutting with 101 facets, 40 more facets than a standard Princess -cut diamond .every PrincessPlus cut diamond meets or exceeds quality standard for cut,proportion and return of light.
1. Cushette      2. Crisscut      3. Dahlia      4. Escada
     EightStar diamonds are recut from previously cut diamond to display ideal optical symmetry.There are about 2000 EightStars created every year. The low number is attributed to that the fact that it takes 30 hours to recut each diamond.
     Eight Stas diamonds cost about 20% more than diamonds cut to "ideal" proportions. But their stature is well-suited to customer who enjoy precision cut,unique diamonds.EighStar diamonds, when saw from below show a pattern of a distinctive eight-ray symmetical heart due to their exacting optical alignment and light return. and when viewed from above they show a fireburst pattern.
     Seeking a precise and brillaint new diamond shape,which resolved to "Square the Circle," using the model of a round brillaint diamond to achieve a square yet brillaint diamond cut with exacting proportions and a fine finish.
     Elara's square-cut diamond has an intense sparkle and eight symmetrical hearts. The long sides are exactly twice the length of the short sides. When viewed from above,the Elara displays two perfect squares, each running pallel to the edges of the diamond. The Elara diamond is named after the twelvth moon of Jupiter.
     The Escada diamond features a unique 12-sided dodecagonal cut with an original geometric configuration of facets. These diamonds reflect a signature star pattern from the cutlet facet.
     Exclusively and originally cut with 97 facets,the"Escada Cut " is a 12 sided dodecagonal cut hosting a unique multiplicity and gometry of facets,cut to radiate light and fire from every angle and emitting a signature star pattern from its culet.
     Many of greatest diamonds have passed through the Aspery & Garrard diamond workshops including the Cullinan and the Koh-I-nor.Choosing an Asprey & Garrard diamond draws on centuries of expertise.Asprey & Garrard unveiled the Eternal cut, a new diamond cut pattented worlwide and designed exclusively for Asprey & Garrard.
     Asprey & Garrard 's Eternal cut has an extraordinary brillaince that stems from 91 facets and a petal design around the cutlet base of the stone. The Eternal cut creates a softer brillaince.This design increase the complexity of light reflected through the stone.
1. E.F.D.'s PrincessPlus      2. Firerose      3. EightStar      4. And 5. Elara
     This 61 facets six-sided shape is a mixed step and brillaint cutting style.with 19 facets on the crown, 36 facets on the pavillion,the Firerose Cut has the total of 61 facets( including the 6 girdle facets ),as well as unconventional angle dimensions and large polished surfaces.The bottom culet faces up through the top facet,radiating special sparkle and shine . When looking through a loupe,it looks like the petals of flower.The firerose Cut was originally introduced by De Beers 10 years ago.
     The Gabrielle diamond is named sfter master diamond cutter Gabi Tolkowsky.Comprised of 105 facets,instead of the standard 58 facets, it is referred to as a triple-brilliant cut diamond.
     Gabrielle diamonds display greater brilliance and fire than virtually any other well-cut diamond.Gabrielle diamonds,or Gbi diamonds, come in eight shapes, including princess,heart,oval,marquise,pear,heart,emerald,carre' and the lastes innovation is the graceful cushion cut with 121 facets.
Heart and Arrow
     Heart and Arrow is the particular reference to cut that guarantees brilliance. All 58 facets are cut totheir highest perfection.Only one in a million is cut to this perfect dimension.
     When looking at a Heart and Arrow cut diamond from the base,or the pavillion,with specialized magnification,one zcan see eight equal hearts arranged in a circle.If we then look at the top, or table ,we can noe see eight equal arrows arranged in a similar circle.
Hearts on Fire
     New technology unleashes revolutionary diamond cuts, the romantic Heart On Fire diamonds,or Known as ideal cuts.
     It uses a round brilliant diamond whose facets angles are calculated mathematically and placed in perfect symmetry to provide fire.giving this stone its name are its two distinct looks that can be seen through a special gemological instrument. The table,or top of the stone , provides eight-pointed fire burst ; the base, or pavillion, a kaleidoscope of eight perfectly matched hearts.
Half - Moon
     This 43 facets shape best accents rounds, ovals,and Flanders shapes.The Half Moon diamonds are used mainly for side stone and have the profile of half a round or half an oval diamond.
     It looks great with rectangular center stone such as princess, radiant or emerald because they have onr straight side.Becuase of the rounded edge,it also works well with ovals shaped stones.
1. Gabrielle’s Cushion 2. Heart & Arrow, Ideal Cuts, Fancy Colors from Clean Diamond 3. Hearts On Fire
     The Lazare Diamond, also called Lazare Kaplan Ideal diamonds, are cut to “ideal” proportion. The ideal cut is based on a mathematical formula measures a diamond’s angles and proportions with exacting precision, resuting in the optimum refraction and reflection of light. This produces a great diamond with brilliance, sparkle and fire.
     The Leo Diamond, also known as the Leo Schachter diamond, has a patented symmetrical cut that allows light to enter the diamond in such a way that the maximum Amount of light is returned back in a sparkling flash known as scintillation. Leo diamonds have 66 facets, instead of the 58 facets with traditional brilliant cut diamonds. The Leo diamond is the first diamond ever to be measured and certified for fire, sparkle and brilliance. Each Leo diamond comes with a "Return of Light certificate" rating. The Lily cut diamond is created by the Siam-Tov brothers.
     The Lily cut Is an exquisite clover-shaped or flower-shaped diamond with four “petals” and a square table. Lily Cut diamond have 65 facets compared to the 58 facets of traditional brilliant round diamonds. This beautiful shape is often used as a pendant or ring but makes gorgeous earrings as well.
     Number of facets of the Lion Cut is 56 or 58 (points/culet is a facets). In the diamond color grading appreciation, there is no difference between a Lion Cut and the traditional cut. Lion Cut gives in full daylight an unbelievable difference with the traditional diamond table cut.
     Lonestar cut is refleacted in the State slogan “Texas – The Lone Star State”, and has been designed by two native Texas. The special characteristic of the Lone Star cut is the appearance to the viewer when Looking directly onto the stone, in that it reflects the five-pointed star, now, therefore, be it. That the specifications for faceting the Lone Star Cut are for an 80 index gear.
     Tiffany & Co's first signature gem cut in years, the Tiffany Lucida diamond is similar to the Asscher cut and the antique cushion cuts. The Lucida is a square mixed-cut diamond. It has 50 facets, a high crown, stepped facets, wide corners, a small table facets, with a deep pavilion. Because of the steep crown and deep pavilion the Lucida diamond looks smaller than a round brilliant diamond of the same weight.
     This 65 facets eight-sided step cut. With 33 facets on the crown, 32 facets on the pavilion. It is an octagon shape with step-cut on both the crown and the pavilion.
1. The Lazzare Diamond      2. The Lion Cut      3. The Marigold      4. The Lonestar Cut
     The Noble cut, a 29-facets kite shape diamond is drawing inspiration from classic linear design principle, the new and high-precision. Noble cut captured the dynamic qualities Of line perspective, symmetry and depth that are signature qualities of the new cut.
     The quadrillion or the modified princess cut which call the “new” princess-cut diamond with sharp corners form the radiant cut. This cut is relatively new and is also known as a Squarillion cut. The Quadrillion cut diamond consists of 49 facets which progressively narrow towards the girdle and corners, creating a multiple star effect in the center of great brilliancy.
     The radiant cut is a modified form of the rectangular barion cut. Radiant cut diamonds are a cross between a princess cut and an emerald cut. Radiant diamonds combine the best features of the round brilliant cut, the square shape of the princess or square baguette cut, and the mitered corners of the emerald cut.

     Like the princess cut, it is normally used for near- square diamonds eather than rectangular diamonds. Radiant diamonds typically have 70 facets (25 on the crown, 8 on the girdle and 37 pavilion). Generally, their steeper crown angle and smaller table facets allow them to display more fire than a princess cut diamond.

     The Radiant cut diamond is considered the father of branded fancy cut diamonds with a birth over 20 years ago. Originally protected by patent, the design is now public domain.
Royal Asscher
     The Royal Asscher is an octagonal shape which is reminiscent of old-world diamond cuts and was especially popular during the Art Deco period. The diamond is a square step-cut style with 74 facets, cut corners, high crown setting and a steep pavilion. When viewed from the tip, it display a unique concentric square pattern. The Royal Asscher is the result of computer technology and old cutting secrets. It took two years to develop the software to design the cut.
1. The Noble Cut      2. The Quandrillion       3. The Radiant Cut      4. The Royal Asscher
     The Sunburst cut is a round stone with 81 facets on the crown and 64 facets on the pavilion, making the total of 145 facets. The high refractive index of the colorless rough enhances the fiery flashes of the spectrum of light reflection. It looks just like a sun is bursting inside the stone.
     This 45 facets eight-sided shape is a mixed step and brilliant cutting style. With 25 facets on the crown, 20 facets on the pavilion, the Sunflower Cut has the tatal of 45 facets. It is a cut-cornered square shape with brilliant-cut pavilion.
     The new Tycoon cut gives the emerald cut the sparkle it needs while, at the same time, retaining the subtle beauty of the original emerald cut. It is a masterpiece of modern gemology and adds a brilliance and fire. It has nine crown facets giving it significantly more brilliance and a larger table than any other cut. The Tycoon cut has a signature diamond-shaped table that makes this new cut “the only diamond with a diamond on top’ The Tycoon-cut diamond reflects fifty percent more light than traditional cuts and sparkles unilike any other diamond, making it the diamond that refines and transforms tradition.
     This 76 facets round shape is mixed cut. With 25 facets on the crown and 48 facets on the pavilion, making the total of 73 facets, Zinnia is the cut that can be imply described as “The fiery petals in the round contour”.
1. The Sunburst Cut      2. SunFlower Cut      3. The Tycoon Cut      4. The Zinnia Cut